UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World • illuminaija
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UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

   
   

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

The Uffizi Gallery is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza Della Signoria in the Historic Centre of Florence in the region of Tuscany, Italy. 

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

One of the most important Italian museums and the most visited, it is also one of the largest and best known in the world and holds a collection of priceless works, particularly from the period of the Italian Renaissance.

After the ruling house of Medici died out, their art collections were gifted to the city of Florence under the famous Patto di Famiglia negotiated by Anna Maria Luisa, the last Medici heiress. 

The Uffizi is one of the first modern museums. The gallery had been open to visitors by request since the sixteenth century, and in 1765 it was officially opened to the public, formally becoming a museum in 1865.

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

History 

   
   

The building of the Uffizi complex was begun by Giorgio Vasari in 1560 for Cosimo I de’ Medici so as to accommodate the offices of the Florentine magistrates, hence the name Uffizi, “offices”. 

The construction was later continued by Alfonso Parigi and Bernardo Buontalenti; it was completed in 1581. The top floor was made into a gallery for the family and their guests and included their collection of Roman sculptures.

The cortile (internal courtyard) is so long, narrow, and open to the Arno at its far end through a Doric screen that articulates the space without blocking it, that architectural historians treat it as the first regularized streetscape of Europe. 

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

The Uffizi brought together under one roof the administrative offices and the Archivio di Stato, the state archive. 

The project was intended to display prime artworks of the Medici collections on the piano nobile; the plan was carried out by his son, Grand Duke Francesco I. 

He commissioned the architect Buontalenti to design the Tribuna degli Uffizi that would display a series of masterpieces in one room, including jewels; it became a highly influential attraction of a Grand Tour. The octagonal room was completed in 1584.

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

Over the years, more sections of the palace were recruited to exhibit paintings and sculpture collected or commissioned by the Medici. For many years, 45 to 50 rooms were used to display paintings from the 13th to 18th century.

The Museum at present 

Because of its huge collection, some of the Uffizi’s works have in the past been transferred to other museums in Florence—for example, some famous statues to the Bargello.

A project was finished in 2006 to expand the museum’s exhibition space some 6,000 metres2 (64,000 ft2) to almost 13,000 metres2 (139,000 ft2), allowing public viewing of many artworks that had usually been in storage. 

Damages 

On 27 May 1993, the Sicilian Mafia carried out a car bomb explosion in Via dei Georgofili and damaged parts of the palace, killing five people.

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

The blast destroyed five pieces of art and damaged another 30. Some of the paintings were fully protected by bulletproof glass. The most severe damage was to the Niobe room and classical sculptures and neoclassical interior (which have since been restored), although its frescoes were damaged beyond repair.

In early August 2007, Florence experienced a heavy rainstorm. The Gallery was partially flooded, with water leaking through the ceiling, and the visitors had to be evacuated. There was a much more significant flood in 1966 which damaged most of the art collections in Florence severely, including some of the works in the Uffizi

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

   
   

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

UFFIZI GALLERY | See Why It Is One Of The Most Visited Museums In The World

Today, the Uffizi is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Florence and one of the most visited art museums in the world, with 4,391,861 visitors in 2019. Works from the Uffizi gallery collection are now available for remote viewing on Google Arts and Culture.

   
   

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